What is Forex Trading? A Beginner’s Guide


In the present age, as the rate of inflation is increasing day by day, people are forced to live from hand to mouth. Their source of income is not enough to fulfill the necessities of their lives. So people are looking towards side hustles like online earning. If you have an interest in the Online market you must know What is Forex Trading?

While searching for any online business, you have probably heard of Forex Trading. In this article, we are going to cover all the aspects of Forex trading, or Foreign Exchange.

By the end of this article, you’ll know all the basic and essential terms used in Forex trading. Let’s get started…

What is Forex Trading?

What is Forex Trading

Forex Trade or Foreign Exchange is a market place which is generally used by traders to exchange foreign currencies for many purposes, such as trading, tourism, etc. It is basically the process of buying and selling currencies in the foreign exchange market.

Foreign Exchange Marketplace

The Foreign Exchange market is the place where different currencies are traded globally by traders using different platforms. A unique feature of this marketplace is that it does not have a central location. It is an electronic way of conducting trading. Traders can make transactions 24 hours a day, five days a week.

Following are the places where this electronic trading takes place:

  • Retail forex brokers
  • Banks
  • Central banks

Types of Markets

Types of Forex Market

Talking about the types of markets in the FX marketing world, there are three main types of markets:

  • Spot Market
  • Forward Market
  • Future Market

The spot market is the largest market compared to the other two. Forward and Future markets are based on the spot market. Let’s move towards the details of these markets.

Spot Market

In the spot market, the trader will buy or sell different currencies based on the ongoing market price. The finalized deal in the spot market is termed a spot deal. The prices in the spot market are determined by the law of supply and demand. And is calculated by using the following factors:

  • Current Interest Rates
  • Price Speculation
  • Economic Performance
  • Geopolitical Sentiments

Forward Market

The forward market is also known as the forward exchange market. Forward trading is actually a transaction between the buyer and seller that ensures the trading of a financial asset in the future at a fixed price.

Future Market

The futures market generally involves the trading of future contracts. A future agreement involves a standard agreement between two parties. In futures trading, there is a future contract according to which one currency is exchanged in the future at a price fixed by the two parties. Here, investors can buy or sell future contracts. There are three main characters in future FX:

  • Speculators
  • Hedgers
  • Arbitrageurs

Forex Terminology

Forex Terminology

To start any new business, you must have command of its terms and basic elements. Forex trading uses many unique terms that you may not be familiar with. In the below section, we will discuss some of the main terms and basic elements:

1. Forex Account: To start the forex trading, as a first step, you need to set up a forex trading account with the broker. This will help you out while making transactions.

There are different types of FX accounts which depends upon the lot sizes.

  • Micro forex account: This allows you to trade up to $1000 worth of currencies in one lot.
  • Mini forex account: This allows you to trade up to $10,000 worth of currencies in one lot.
  • Standard Forex account: This allows you to trade up to $100,000 worth of currencies in one lot.

2. Ask: the lowest price at which you want to buy any currency is termed an ask in forex trading.

3. Bid: The price at which you are willing to sell any currency is the bid.

4. Contract for difference: By using a derivative CFD (contract for difference), the trader is able to make assumptions about the direction of currency prices without actually holding the underlying asset.

5. Pip: Pip is an abbreviation of percentage in points or price interest points. The smallest price variation within a currency pair is generally termed as PIP. One pip is equal to 0.0001. If we talk in terms of value, the pip is the last decimal in the currency price.

How to Start Trading Forex

How to Start Forex

If you are a beginner in the trading market and want to excel in the trading world, forex trading is the best marketplace for you to grow and excel in your field. No doubt there’s a risk in it because Foreign Exchange Trading is characterized by high leverage. But it also gives you a wide range of chances and opportunities to achieve gains and losses. As a beginner, you must have a lot of questions in your mind about how to start forex trading. But here we come with all the answers and solutions to your questions. Following are some essential steps to start your forex trading journey.

Learn about forex: As you start any new business, you need to know the basics and essential elements of it. Similarly, to start Forex Trading, you need to learn about it and explore it. You have to sharpen your skills to be a successful trader.
Forex Trading Account: For Forex Trading, you need to set up a Forex Trading account with the broker. This may be helpful while making transactions.
Trading plan:
Though timing and market predictions are not always achievable, if you build an appropriate trading plan, it will guide you in establishing the principles of trading. Develop emotional balance: Forex trading may confuse you at certain times and leave you with many unanswered questions. This can be stressful for you as a beginner. But you need to stay determined and maintain an emotional balance


Forex trading gives a global market to the traders to get profit in exchange for currencies. Inflation the last term we discussed, is the only thing that affects all the sources like Forex Market, Online opportunities, and other stuff.

Forex Market runs electronically, traders operate this within the stocks. We have discussed three main types of Market, these gives the complete terminology terms for Forex Beginners. Everyone having an interest in Forex needs to know the basic terminologies of Forex. A Forex account is the first step. We have discussed the Forex Terms Pi, Ask, Bid, and others that you should know to start.

Basic knowledge is not enough to start your trading, you must have comprehensive knowledge to start your journey. The level of risk is very high in the Trading Market. It also provides opportunities and also you never skip the risks in that field. Mastery in Forex trading achieved by continuously learning, planning, and with consistency

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