A Quick dive into How do Forex Brokers work

What does Forex Broker mean?

To trade on the foreign exchange markets, you need an intermediary. However, what is a broker? For clarification, consider the following: Suppose you wish to purchase an apple, so you visit a street market. The You wish to purchase the appled the best location to do so is at the street market, where people are selling apples. Learn How do Forex Brokers work

Similarly, if you are selling apples and need customers, you can go to a street market because that is where your consumers are – where people are purchasinpurchasestreet market is a meeting location for buyers and vendors.

This also applies to the foreign exchange markets. Buyers and sellers of various currencies require a meeting site and a means to buy and sell those currencies. Homeowners and sellers can be separated by thousands of miles. The foreign exchange markets must be a mechanism that matches their interests to discover each other; this is where the broker comes in.

How do Forex Brokers work?

How do Forex Brokers Work
How do Forex Brokers Work

The infrastructure model influences how a broker handles client orders. The distinction between STP (straight-through processing) and MM (market maker) is one of the most widely recognized models. In this article, our chief executive officer, David Varga, will explain the fundamental distinctions between these models and why traders should be interested in them.

Spreads and Market Makers

Many forex brokers derive only a small portion of their income from spreads, even though every forex broker will inform you they profit from the spread (the difference between the buy and sell price). You inquire as to how Forex Brokers work. By transacting against their client

In the industry, these brokers are known as market movers. Unfortunately, the overwhelming majority of forex brokers operate in this manner. When you first begin trading, you believe you are purchasing and selling from other market participants: if you make money, someone else must lose money, and vice versa. This is true to some extent, but this someone is frequently much closer than you realize… it’s your broker

The vast majority of novice traders lose money, that is a proven fact. If they continued trading and addressed flaws in their strategy and psychology, they would most likely progress and become profitable; however, many are not up to the challenge and quit trading. Not only are market makers aware of this, but their entire business paradigm revolves around it. Plain and straightforward, market makers profit when their customers lose. This is a glaring conflict of interest; rather than earning money when the client wins and continues to trade, the broker has a financial interest in the client losing!

The objective of the market maker game is to recruit hundreds of new merchants by providing free, substandard education and/or a bonus. Even if novice trader is fortunate at first and profit from their bonus, they will likely make a much larger deposit than they lose.

STP Currency Brokers

An STP is an abbreviation for Straight-through Processing. STP brokers operate on the same paradigm you believed your market-making broker used: they make money off the spread, and you trade against other market participants. The STP brokers aggregate prices from their liquidity providers and add a small markup; you place your order with the broker, who then transmits it to their liquidity provider (retaining the small difference in spread). STP brokers have no interest in you losing because you are trading against other market participants and not against them. In fact, if you lose money and cease trading, you are no longer earning your broker any money.

The STP model is a significant improvement over the market maker model, and Vantage FX offers this model to all clients with a $100 minimum initial deposit on our standard accounts. Still, many professional traders and scalpers find the third brokerage model, genuine ECN, to be more cost-effective.

Genuine ECN FX Brokers

True ECN is the logical consequence of the STP model and is preferred by the overwhelming majority of professional and high-volume traders. In terms of execution, the model is virtually identical to STP: you trade against other participants in the actual forex market and not against your broker. The primary difference between STP and true ECN is that ECN brokers do not make money through spreads, but instead charge a modest flat commission on each trade. There is no spread indicator, and the spreads offered on genuine ECN accounts are razor-thin, frequently as low as 0 pips. Presently, these are the very best values available on the actual forex market.

As with the STP paradigm, there is no conflict of interest between the trader and broker when using a true ECN account. Your true ECN broker desires you to succeed in trading, grow your account, and begin to trade larger positions. The larger the scale of your trades, the more your broker profits.

Historically, ECN accounts were only available to high-net-worth and institutional clients, but over the past few years, traders have become more sophisticated, and retail clients have demanded the best deal.


We hope you have enjoyed this article on the various types of forex brokers and How do Forex Brokers work. In conclusion, market makers are the most expensive option for trading because they make money when their clients lose. However, bad spreads are only part of the tale; some traders have encountered much worse. STP brokers, on the other hand, are a significant improvement and a fantastic option for traders who are just starting out. However, when it comes to professional trading, arbitrage, or automated trading, there is only one option: ECN.`